I want to share with you some management principles which can help you in managing your Troop as you go along living as a Scout.
Here are some of Henri Fayol's management principles and I will share with you the five elements of management.
- Division of Work. Specialization allows the Scout to build up experience, and to continuously improve his skills. Thereby he can be more productive. It makes the Scout focused on what he is good at. But also the Scout must learn other ew things as well, he must be versatile as he goes on his journey.
- Authority. The right to issue commands, along with which must go the balanced responsibility for its function. This is a matter of FREEDOM vs RESPONSIBILITY, you're free as long as you are responsible. As a leader of your troop you have the authority over your members but take note that you're not to abuse the power that you have.
- Discipline. Scouts must obey, but this is two-sided: Scouts will only obey orders if leaders play their part by providing good leadership.
- Unity of Command. Each Scout should have only one leader with no other conflicting lines of command.
- Unity of Direction. Scouts engaged in the same kind of activities must have the same objectives in a single plan. This is essential to ensure unity and coordination in the unit. Unity of command does not exist without unity of direction but does not necessarily flows from it.
- Scalar chain (Line of Authority). A hierarchy is necessary for unity of direction. But lateral communication is also fundamental, as long as superiors know that such communication is taking place. Scalar chain refers to the number of levels in the hierarchy from the ultimate authority to the lowest level in the organization. It should not be over-stretched and consist of too-many levels.
- Order. Both material order and social order are necessary. The former minimizes lost time and useless handling of materials. The latter is achieved through organization and selection.
- Equity. In running a Scout Troop a ‘'combination of kindliness and justice’' is needed. Treating Scouts well is important to achieve equity.
- Initiative. Allowing all Scoutsl to show their initiative in some way is a source of strength for the organization. Even though it may well involve a sacrifice of ‘personal vanity’ on the part of many leaders.
- Esprit de Corps. Management must foster the morale of its Scouts. He further suggests that: “real talent is needed to coordinate effort, encourage keenness, use each person’s abilities, and reward each one’s merit without arousing possible jealousies and disturbing harmonious relations.”
What is Management? Five elements
- Prevoyance. (Forecast & Plan). Examining the future and drawing up a plan of action. The elements of strategy.
- To organize. Build up the structure, both material and human, of the undertaking.
- To command. Maintain the activity among the Scouts.
- To coordinate. Binding together, unifying and harmonizing all activity and effort.
- To control. Seeing that everything occurs in conformity with established rule and expressed command.